Tuesday, April 24, 2012

Projectile Points of the NorthWest

Moss, Madonna L., Wasson jr.,George B. Intimate  Relations with the past: the story of an Athapaskan village on the southern Northwest Coast of North America.
                In the article Moss and Wasson examine the site of Chet-less-chun-dunn-dunne in Oregon. At the site Chet-less-chun-dunn-dunne  they talk about amongst other things such as who was buried at this site, and what was buried there. Through the excavation that occurred by Schumacher "called the 'town' if Chetle-shin', fifty house depressions were observed" (Moss and Wasson 319). An example of this is "Chase reported an obsidian knife , a soapstone tubular pipe, a serpentine ear or nose ring, an engraved knife, serpentine and soapstone pestles , serrated and barbed spear points, jasper chisels and scrapers, bone awls, steatite pipe blanks, and shaft straighteners from Chet-less-chun-dunn." (Moss and Wasson 319). Moss and Wasson goes on to say that this site was created because the United States government was building a major United States highway.  In another house on this site produced many artifacts which consisted of an" arrowpoint chipped of bottle glass". Which suggests that while they used stone, the Native American's living in this site were able to procure material from the European immigrants that were settled in this area of Oregon.  An example of this is "One house excavated  by Heflin contained a charred basketry hat, a brass uniform button, brass bracelet, a stone maul, an iron key, an arrow point chipped of bottle glass, addition bottle glass fragments, copper pieces, square nails, iron and copper bars, and an iron knife"(Moss and Wasson 320). "Artefacts  of Native materials included a variety of chipped stone artefacts:  projectile points, knives, drills, scrappers, gravers, primarily of cryptocrystalline silicates, but a few obsidian  were also found". (Moss and Wasson 320). Some of the artifacts that they found at this site were made out of bones.
Smith, Marian W. Attributes and the Discovery of Projectile Point Types: With Data from the Colombia-Fraser Region. American Antiquity. Vol. 20. No.1 . pp. 15-26
                In the article Marion discusses how the terms leaf-shaped and/or triangular even though it is generally accepted in the archaeological field that "Detailed attention given here to reports on point forms from the Columbia-Fraser region indicates that we cannot at the moment rely absolutely upon any discussions of comparative projectile-point types..." (Smith 15). She goes on to say that there is some difficulties  with the leaf-shaped projectile-points which is "from Suquamish when the oval point from the Dalles-Deschutes was found to have been classified the same as a point of quite different outline from the upper Columbia sites." (Smith 17). Another point she makes about projectile points is that of the size and shape of the projectile points discussed in the Columbian region of the Northwest United States as being in groups. An example of this is "Three  such types  of artifacts have been distinguished: (1) the large point of the Columbia  River valley which is  clearly "leaf-shaped" though by no means oval". (Smith 20). Another example of this is "a large point form the upper Columbia and Puget Sound which is classified both as "leaf-shaped" and "triangular" (Smith 20). Next, Smith discusses about the Columbian-Fraser projectile point  "But until the soc-called leaf-shaped points and the triangular, convex-based points of the Columbia-Fraser region have been reclassified keeping these criteria in mind,...",  certain social aspects is dependent in different ways. She goes on to suggest that "suggestions made in the past must all be re-examined before they can be restated with any assurance". (Smith 22).

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