Tuesday, March 20, 2012
Southeastern Projectile Points
Saunders, Rebecca. The Case for Archaic Period Mounds in Southeastern Louisiana. Southeastern Archaeology, Vol. 13 No. 2: Archaic Mounds in the Southeast, pp 118-134. Allen Press. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40656501.
In the article: The Case for Archaic Period Mounds in Southeastern Louisiana by Rebecca Saunders states that during her research the Poverty Point Mound and the mounds in the surrounding area were excavated over a long period of time. This article also states that during some of the excavations that occurred at these sites some of the material that are of archaeological importance, which were altered and removed because of human interaction to the environment. An example of this is found at the Hornsby mound A "Apparently Mound A had already been destroyed by 1967 when the Baton Rouge Junior Archaeological Society, under the direction of J. Ashley Sibley, made a surface collection and preliminary excavations into the northwest quadrant of Mound B." (Saunders 126). Another example is " A portion of the lithic scatter surrounding Mound B may also have been destroyed by gravel mining by this time." (Saunders 126). The article also goes on to examine not just the kinds of lithics such as: projectile points, bones, structural items related to the building of the mounds, were discovered at the mounds of Poverty Point and the surrounding area but the ceremonies. An example of the projectile points is "Gagliano identified Kent, Gary, Wells, Williams and Kirk projectile points among the materials collected from the site in 1967." (Saunders 126). The article also states along with the projectile points and the other items of significance such as bones, structural items that the archaeologists such as Saunders can help date the Poverty Point Mound and the mounds in the surrounding area to the middle and late archaic period.
Anderson, David G. . Recent Advances In Paleoindian and Archaic Period Research In The Southeastern United States. Archaeology of Eastern North America. Vol. 23, pp. 145-176 http://www.jstor.org/stable/40914396.
In the article: Recent Advances In Paleoindian and Archaic Period Research In The Southeastern United States by David Anderson discusses how archaeologists have helped to advance the knowledge of ancient societies in the southeastern United States. He also discusses two things: projectile points, and faunal remains. In the article it examines how in the past couple of decades archaeologists have used projectile points to track the Clovis people. It goes on to say "Fluted points, some morphologically resembling classic western Clovis forms, but many exhibiting appreciable technological as well as morphological variability, are placed in the Early Paleoindian subperiod." (Anderson 146). Another main point that the author examines is since the beginning of these excavations different archaeologists of the southeast are getting together and sharing their ideas. An example of this is "The southeastern Paleoindian archaeological record is now the subject of intensive examination by a group of about 25 active and cooperating researchers who routinely share their ideas and data, offering a strong positive working environment." (Anderson 146). Another main point that Anderson makes is that Clovis peoples used rivers and lakes as staging areas for exploration. He goes on to discuss about a major contribution by Dincauze "has used both distributional and site-specific assemblage data to take this kind of argument even further, in research directed to examining how the colonization of the Northeast might have proceeded. Her ideas about assemblage composition in what she calls marshalling sites and areas, from which pioneering groups first settled and then expanded, have important implications for the study of Paleoindian occupations in the Southeast and beyond, wherever similar sites are likely to occur." (Anderson 146). Anderson goes on to say through this and from the materials that Clovis people used that they can trace their migration patterns. An example of this is "The directions and extent to which Early Paleoindian populations moved over the landscape in the South east are being explored through detailed lithic raw material source identification analyses, documenting the distances artifacts moved from quarry areas." (Anderson 146).